An overview of the columbian exchange and its effects

However, it was through this sad chapter that black An overview of the columbian exchange and its effects was introduced to the Americas which has enriched its cultural flavor over time. In this view, colonies existed to strengthen the colonizing nation.

In order to gain power, nations had to amass wealth by mining these precious raw materials from their colonial possessions.

Many Native Americans used horses to transform their hunting and gathering into a highly mobile practice.

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For example, the emergence of private property in regions where there were little to no rights to lands, the concepts of monogamy and the nuclear family, the role of women and children in the family system, and the "superiority of free labor".

Just as Europe benefited from the exchange, so the Americas suffered. As Europe steps away from religious fervor in modern times, Christianity remains strong in both north and south America.

American silver, tobacco, and other items—which were used by native peoples for ritual purposes—became European commodities with monetary value. Animals were also vectors for diseases that swept through these communities. Barely any civilization on earth stayed the same by this global ecological exchange.

This chocolate drink—xocolatl—was part of ritual ceremonies like marriage. Tobacco, potatoes, chili peppers, tomatillos, and tomatoes are all members of the nightshade family and all of these plants bear some resemblance to the European nightshade that even an amateur could deduce just by simple observation of the flowers and berries; tomatoes and potatoes can be quite lethal if the wrong part of the plant is consumed at the wrong quantity or at least cause a person to experience copious amounts of vomiting and diarrhea.

On October 31,the tomato was given its first name anywhere in Europe when a house steward of Cosimo I de' Medici, Duke of Florencewrote to the De' Medici's private secretary that the basket of pomi d'oro "had arrived safely".

Columbian exchange

Furthermore, in cases of enslaved peoples and in particular, enslaved Africans the Europeans simultaneously implemented their value system while at the same time justifying enslaving people through a philosophy which reduced the enslaved people to property.

This widespread knowledge amongst enslaved Africans eventually led to rice becoming a staple dietary item in the New World. The exchange of different plants and animals had important and positive implications for both the Europeans and Native Americans.

In other subtle ways, which had a large impact the cultural exchanges involved sharing practices and traditions. In his book "Guns, Germs, and Steel," Jared Diamond points out that Europe won the domestic animal lottery with over a dozen species, including horses and cattle, while the New World had to make due with just five none of which were very good draft animals.

At first, these crops struggled to adapt to the climate in the new world. The Columbian Exchange embodies both the positive and negative environmental and health results of contact as well as the cultural shifts produced by such contact.

InPietro Andrea Mattiolia Tuscan physician and botanist, suggested that tomatoes might be edible, but no record exists of anyone consuming them at this time. Because it was endemic in Africa, many people there had acquired immunity. It's common for people to question or rage at God when a handful of teenagers crash and burn in an SUV.

To some, its use meant achieving an entranced, altered, or divine state.

The Columbian Exchange

If we look at the effect of the potato and corn on Europe and America European culture in the New World we see that these two starches made possible an explosion in the numbers of humans and domestic animals the culture could support.

Domesticated animals have a dramatically positive impact on farming and encouraged prehistoric Eurasians to congregate into towns and cities. Christopher Columbus introduced horses, sugar plants, and disease to the New World, while facilitating the introduction of New World commodities like sugar, tobacco, chocolate, and potatoes to the Old World.

Expert Answers larrygates Certified Educator The primary positive effect of the Columbian exchange was increased food supply and nutrients to the populations of both areas. Besides this account, tomatoes remained exotic plants grown for ornamental purposes, but rarely for culinary use.

A virtual epidemic resulted which caused thousands of deaths. Thus, the slave traders and some of the plantation owners used the concept of family to exploit and control the enslaved people. Europe probably benefited more than the Americas with the introduction of potatoes and maize corn to that continent.

The journey that enslaved Africans took from parts of Africa to America is commonly known as the middle passage.

What were the positive and negative effects of the Columbian exchange?

For example, in the article "The Myth of Early Globalization: Slavery itself was an unmitigated holocaust, resulting in the death and cruel mistreatment of untold numbers of human beings.An Overview of the Columbian Exchange and Its Effects PAGES 3.

WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. Wow. Most helpful essay resource ever! The Columbian exchange started to connect the New and Old Worlds with the transmission of ideas, plants, animals, and diseases.

Two worlds that had grown apart with very different organisms started to become homogeneous (Crosby, ). The Columbian Exchange became even more unbalanced with Europe's successful appropriation of New World staple crops originally developed by Native Americans. The adoption of efficient, carbohydrate-rich American crops like corn, potatoes, and cassava allowed Europeans and Africans to overcome chronic food shortages.

American Economic Association is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to The The effects of the Columbian Exchange were not isolated to the parts of the our broad descriptive overview of. Columbian Exchange I Can Statements I can describe the positive and negative effects of the Columbian Exchange.

I can identify items that were exchanged between the Old World and New World. I can identify how life colonization changed life for people living in the Old World and New World. 1)The creation of colonies in the Americas that led to the exchange of new types of food, plants, and animals.

2)The exchange of plants, animals, and ideas between the New World (Americas) and the Old World (Europe).

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An overview of the columbian exchange and its effects
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